Serengeti hosts the second largest terrestrial mammal migration in the world and is known as one of the ten Natural Travel Wonders of the World. It is one of the best places to observe lion prides in their natural environment as it is known for its large lion population.
The word Serengeti is derived from a Maasai language‚ Maa‚ where “Serenget” means “Endless Plains” and is home to approximately 70 large mammals and 500 bird species including Blue wildebeest‚ gazelles‚ zebras and the Big Five!
1. Great Migration – the Wildebeest migration begins in the Ngorongoro conservation area‚ Southern Serengeti and loops in a clockwise direction through the Serengeti National Park. The phase lasts from January to March‚ when the calving season begins – a time when there is plenty of rain-ripened grass available for the 260‚000 zebra that precede 1.7 million wildebeest and the following hundreds of thousands of other plains game‚ including around 470‚000 gazelles. In early November‚ with the start of the short rains the migration starts moving south again‚ to the short grass plains of the southeast‚ usually arriving in December in plenty of time for calving in February.
2. The Serengeti ecosystem is home to over 3000 lions‚ 1000 leopards and 7700 to 8700 spotted hyenas. The East African cheetah are also present in Serengeti. So‚ put on your binoculars and enjoy the wild nature!
3. Altitudes in the Serengeti range from 920 to 1‚850 metres with mean temperatures varying from 15 to 25 degrees Celsius. Although the climate is usually warm and dry‚ rainfall occurs in two rainy seasons: March to May‚ and a shorter season in October and November. The highlands which are considerably cooler than the plains and are covered by montane forest‚ mark the eastern border of the basin in which the Serengeti lies.
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